What goes on in the human mind when we dream? Have you ever wondered about dreams or about anything that goes on in the human mind. Do you ever wonder how you or someone else will react to a certain situation? Do you ever wonder how people look at others and themselves? Humans are very complex and it is important that people know how to react and view difficult situations in life. Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis and the work he has done has been very important in helping people. Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and was born on May 6, 1856, in Moravia which is now in the Czech Republic. He moved with his family to a place in Austria called Vienna. As he grew up in Vienna, he took a sudden interest in the human behavior. In 1881, he earned his degree from the University of Vienna Medical School specializing in neurology. After his degree and during his career, he started to work on learning what drove people to be successful. After a while of studying he started to become notorious all over the world for his work in psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a method that was used to treat mental-health disorders which contains a set of theories and techniques used to study the unconscious mind. Freud is considered the “Father of Psychoanalysis” because of his analysis of psycho-sexual developemtn, dreams, and identifying the ego, superego, and id. Sigmund Freud explored the human mind way more thoroughly than anyone else before him and his work is still the basis for modern psychological theories. One theory of Sigmund Freud was his theory on dream analysis. Freud believed that dreams were considered the royal road to the unconscious. The baseline of Freud’s theory that dreams serve valuable clues for the unconscious mind and that dreams also perform important functions for the unconscious mind, was a dream of his own. His dream was about one of his patients, Irma. Irma wasn’t responding as well as he liked to the treatment and he felt really guilty about it. He dreamt that he met Irma at a party and examined her. By the end of his dream he didn’t feel guilty anymore because he saw that her condition was caused by a dirty syringe with a chemical from a different doctor. He thought of his dream as a wish-fulfillment because he had wished that Irma’s condition was not his fault and his dream had shown him that it was another doctors fault, his dream fulfilled his wish. Based on his dream, he proposed that a major function of dreams was wish-fulfillment. Freud distinguished between the latent content (the underlying wish) and the manifest content of the dream (what the dreamer remembers). The process where the latent content, or the underlying wish, is translated into manifest content is called dream-work.