The the readers his perspective on war which is

The poem, ‘Dulce Et Decorum Est’, was written during First World War in
northern France and is known for its horrendous vision and agony of war.
Wilfred Owen, was a brilliant poet who died in action in France before signing
the treaty that ended the First World War. The speaker lets us be aware of what
happens on the battlefields, and how much the soldiers suffer from the toxic
fumes. It deals with both loss and deep sadness which is shown throughout the
poem. In this poem, Owen tells of some disturbing and awakening events he has
experienced during battle that have changed his view on war drastically and led
him to have a bias against war.

The poet, Wilfred Owen, was deeply affected by the experience of First
World War. In the earlier wars, the soldiers would line up and charge one
another. While, in the First World War, chaos and destruction were the only
rules. This inspired him to write Dulce Et Decorum Est because to tell the
readers his perspective on war which is that it is not all glorious. He
describes what it was like for men who has been attacked with mustard gas. As
the soldiers in the poem detect the gas, he narrates how that lone soldier does
in agony. Death is the primary theme in ‘Dulce et Decorum Est’, it was not
revealed in the poem except in the Latin word ‘mori’ which means ‘to die’. The
soldier who experienced gas attack, it is described as drowning and the
physical features and ugliness of this process made noticeable. The poet
strategically portraying his readers through the frightful reality of life in a
battlefield, changes patriotic passion into a kind of detrimental life force.
Seemingly everyone lost in a fog of war or in the idle ideals that sacrifice
youth on to the war.

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‘Dulce et Decorum Est’
contains four stanzas of different lengths. Wilfred Owen uses the structure of
his poem to reflect the message in the poem. The initial fourteen lines depict
the situation and the events which take place, the last fourteen lines shows
the aftermath of what has happened and Wilfred Owen’s thought on it. The final
four lines are his ultimatum to the readers to avoid the same suffering in the
future. Also, the length of the final stanza is much longer, and the movement
becomes slower that seems like the funeral march – the soldier is carried in
the wagon, dying slowly. There is the sense of the unreal, like nightmares (as
Wilfred Owen points out) as the wagon moves. The substantiality and misery of
the man is reflected in the slightly dull and routine ab ab rhyme-scheme. The
long ‘ing’ rhymes also have the effect when readers read, repeating the horror
of slow drowning.

At the start of this poem, readers are immersed in the atmosphere of war,
the trenches of the First World War, full of mud and death. It’s a shocking
environment into which the reader is taken – oppressive, dangerous and without
any real hope. The poet wants the readers to inform that welfare is anything
but glorious so he gives us an imagery of gloomy, realistic, picture of life at
the frontline. As a result, he leaves us in no doubt about his feelings. ‘Dulce
Et Decorum Est’ has an extensive use of similes whose function is to illustrate
as graphically as possible the gruesome features of war and specifically the
gas attack. He starts the poem with soldiers being compared to “like old
beggars” (line 1) meaning the soldiers are deprived of joy have the same health
as old people who beg for a living. In line 23, he expresses “bitter as the cud
/ of vile incurable sores” Wilfred Owen uses ‘cud’ (food of a ruminant regurgitated
to be chewed again) as an imagery that equalizes humans with bovines while
conveying the acidic stinging effect of the soldier’s blood which has been
degraded by the gas consumption. Wilfred Owen uses alliteration that builds
throughout the poem as the suffering worsens. In line 24, “Of
vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,— ” Owen
underlines the unforeseen dissimilarity between the ‘incurable’ nature of the
wound and the ‘innocence’ of the victim. He also uses alliteration in the title
of the poem, ‘Dulce’ and ‘Decorum’ are two Latin disputable, positive and
abstract nouns meaning ‘sweet’ and ‘honourable’, which he mentions again in the
final lines of the poem. United as they are by the same sound of ‘et’ and
‘Est’, he sets a pattern for the alliteration as the pain worsens. This lets
the readers sense that the mood of the poem is continuously bitter and harsh.

On
the other hand, ‘In Flanders Fields’ by John McCrae; a poet, was a medical
specialist and university professor in Canada who witnessed his deceased
friend, Alexis Helmer, in the Second Battle of Ypres and treated wounded
soldiers in France. Alexis left his dugout and was killed instantly by a direct
hit from an 8 inch German shell. It is a lyric in the format of a French
rondeau. A rondeau consists of three stanzas with a total of fifteen lines. The
poem is about soldiers who died fighting for their country, and Flanders Fields
is a graveyard. The poem is from the view of the dead soldiers as it also has a
very emotional and dramatic tone such as peaceful, sad and morbid which are
supported by the rhyme scheme and the word choice. ‘Dulce Et Decorum Est’ and
‘In Flanders Fields’ are both anti-war poems. Even though the poems are written
in the same era; both poems show a perspective on how is war represented.
Wilfred Owen and John McCrae uses different literary devices such as simile,
alliteration and imagery, major themes that the poets portray and how the poem
is written.