The creation of Taliban goes back to when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan. The Soviet Union brought soldiers to Afghanistan claiming that they wanted to help rebuild the country’s economy as well as its crumbling infrastructure. However, the Mujahideen ( the group that would later become known as the Taliban) did not trust the Soviet Union and did not want them in the country. During this time The Soviet Union and United States were also engaged in the cold war which made tensions even higher. The U.S. wanted to counter against the Soviet Union. Thus, the Soviet’s entered Afghanistan which caused the United States to decide to intervene.
The fear of the spread of communism was a great threat and the U.S felt that it would lead to fall of capitalism. The U.S and the Soviet Union were the two super powers at the time, each with nuclear weapons which put both countries on edge. After World War II, Americans became fearful of the spread of Soviet communism. This fear was fed by the news media and politicians who portrayed the Soviets as bent on world domination. In communist nations, people were not allowed to own land, follow their religious beliefs, or speak and act freely. Americans were afraid that the Soviets would take over the U.S. and take away their freedoms. ( TN4me)
The U.S did not want the Soviet Union to take control over Central Asia and further spread communism in the region so they decided to fight against them along side rebel groups who they funded within the country. These rebel fighters called themselves the Mujahideen. These rebel fighters were armed and trained by international forces. They were also supported by several other countries that wanted to stop the Soviet Union including, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. The United States Congress decided to form a partnership with the ISI who recruited Mujahideen fighters. They were able to do this with the support of the Pakistani military who used their extreme views of Islam to convince the rebels to fight with them. The Mujahideen would go on to fight ferociously against the Soviet Union. They succeeded in defeating the Soviet and drove them out of Afghanistan. After dumping billions of dollars into Afghanistan in order to fund the war which they believed was a sure victory would lead to the collapse of the Soviet Union. After the war, Pakistan was left to deal with the post war problems by themselves.
After the war the mujahideen became to fight among themselves because they could not agree on how to share power. This would cause a rift within the group which would turn into a bloody civil war. The group would break up into several factions, each with their own ideas and beliefs who wanted to spread them across the country. / a movement of Pashtun fundamentalist students most of whom were trained in madrasas (religious schools) in the refugee camps in Pakistan seized Kandahar and started a campaign to wrest the country from the hands of the warlords. Known as the Taliban, this force marched into Kabul in 1996 and took control of most of the rest of the country. ( understanding war)
After the 9/11 attacks on The World Trade Center U.S. declared a war against Afghanistan. After funding, giving weapons and training to rebel groups in an area that was ravaged by war this lead to a rise of a new power. With Pakistan and the surrounding area being unstable after the war it made it easy for these trained rebel groups to take over the country. By the time the U.S realized what was going on, it was too late. The Taliban’s rise from an obscure organization born in the religious schools of Pakistan’s refugee camps on its Afghan border to become sponsor of one of the world’s most extensive training grounds for global terrorism (WP)
The Taliban was a creation of the Pakistani intelligence agency that was funded by the United States. The U.S. had provided $3 billion to rebel Islamic groups that had helped with the war against the Soviets. They had provided these rebel groups with ammunitions and other weapons and forgot to keep track of. The millions worth in weapons that The United States had provided their then allies were now being used against them.
Pakistan has been hesitant to help fight against theses rebel groups because they were a creation of the Pakistani intelligence agency. It is said that a lot of Pakistani people and other military personal are known to be siding with the Taliban. The U.S. is also responsible for providing the Taliban with military advice, along with military hardware such as guns and ammunition. Had they know that the rebel groups would turn around and their new weapons and training against them the United States would have kept a better eye on them.
Unfortunately other rebels groups that originated from the Mujahideen have started to come to power and are becoming more and more influential. The Afghanistan National Unity Government needs to improve security and strengthen good governance in order to diminish the current influence of terror groups such as the Taliban and ISIS. One way they can do this is by.
Another way Afghanistan and Pakistan can improve bilateral security cooperation and reduce threats caused by the Taliban and other Islamic militants in the region is to straighten border security.
The only reason the Taliban have managed to sustain their campaign is that they have been protected from the Afghan and international forces’ onslaught by Pakistani support and safe havens. When pushed by Afghan security forces and U.S.-led coalition troops, the Taliban simply cross the border into Pakistan and avoid punishment. (the diplomat)
By strengthening their border security they will be able to prevent these terror groups from easily slipping back and forth in order to escape punishment. strengthening borders will also deter supporters of terror groups and disrupt safe havens. By disrupting safe havens the terrorist won’t have anywhere to hide when security forces are searching for them. They should also punish those who are allies of terror groups this will deter others from trying to harbor terrorist as well.