Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau’s contributions to Canada were significant because they gave Canada its own identity. Pierre was involved in the October Crisis, the making of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and the return of the BNA Act. All of these factors led to Canada becoming more independent from England. This is why Canadians believe Pierre Trudeau was so vital to the development of Canada as an independent nation that has gained respect worldwide. The War Measures Act during the FLQ crisis which was also called the October Crisis was an aspect of Canadian history that Pierre Trudeau shaped. The crisis began on October 5th, 1970 when James Cross, a British diplomat, was kidnapped. The kidnappers were part of the Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ) who emerged in 1963. A few others were kidnapped and some even killed; this is when Pierre decided to take action. The Quebec government asked for assistance from the Canadian Armed Forces on October 15. This crisis tested Pierre against terrorists and how he would handle the situation. During the crisis, Pierre stated, “It’s more important to keep law and order in this society than to be worried about weak-kneed people who don’t like the looks of…” he was cut off by the journalist, Tim Ralfe who said “At any cost? How far would you go with that? How far would you extend that?” and Trudeau responded with what from there on was the catchphrase of North American politics, “Well, just watch me.” 1 Trudeau enacted the War Measures Act that restricted the ordinary freedoms, “that Canadians took for granted.”2 While many Canadians did not approve of what he did, it put a stop to the FLQ and the terrorism. Trudeau’s actions helped to eventually recognize French Canadians as full and equal partners in Canada. This gained the respect of the world.1. Smith, Denis. “October Crisis.” The Canadian Encyclopedia. August 13, 2013. Accessed January 09, 2018. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/october-crisis/.2. Lunn, J., Moore, C. The Story of Canada.Lester Publishing, Toronto, 1996. Print.Pierre Trudeau was part of the making of the Canadian Charter Of Rights and Freedoms. The Charter Of Rights and Freedoms is a document that under the law guarantees Canadian citizens certain rights and freedoms including Article 28, which promises gender equality. After the document was finalized, Trudeau had the Charter signed by Queen Elizabeth on April 17, 1982. Before Canada had this Charter of Rights Canadians had no such document to refer to. Trudeau brought home the signed Charter of Rights along with Canada’s Constitution. The British North America acts were a bunch of acts leading to Canada becoming independent, basically meaning that the Canadian government did not have to check everything over with the British government. This was way more convenient because before the prime minister would have to go all the way over to Britain to check things over with Queen Elizabeth which took much time, money and inconvenient travel. The BNA act Pierre Trudeau took part in took place in 1982. By the end of the acts, Canada had a self-governing federation and a proud prime minister. In conclusion, Pierre Trudeau’s contributions to Canada and its government led to Canada being the independent country that is is today. Sadly Pierre passed away in the year of 2000 due to Parkinson’s Disease and prostate cancer but now we have his son, Justin Trudeau continuing his legacy. That is why the October Crisis, the creation of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and the 1972 BNA act were so significant in the history of Canada involving previous prime minister Pierre Trudeau.