Name: 2009)Plant CellNUMBERCELL STRUCTUREDESCRIPTION & FUNCTION1MicrotubulesStraight tubes whose functions

Name: Travis Kuhse Date: 1-3-18 Instructor’s Name: Margaret Beucher Assignment: SCIE207 Phase 2 Lab  Title: Animal and Plant Cell Structure Animal CellNUMBERCELL STRUCTUREDESCRIPTION & FUNCTION1Nuclear PoreMicroscopic hole within the nuclear membrane which allows the movement of proteins and nucleic acids in and out of the nucleus2Chromatin (DNA)Composed of proteins and DNA which form chromosomes during the cell division process3NucleolusLocated within the Nucleus and is responsible for the production of RNA.4Nuclear EnvelopeA 2 layer membrane that allows the flow of of material in and out of the nucleus5NucleusA specialized organelle that functions as the brain. The nucleus is responsible for all cellular activity as well as the housing for genetic material (DNA).6CentrioleComposed of 9 bundles of microtubules that reproduces itself. Assist in organization for cell division, but are not an essential component to the process.7Intermediate FilamentsCell shape that fixes the position of certain organelles from a fairly permanent network and help maintain the cell shape and structure.8Plasma MembraneEncomapsses all cellular contents and provides protection from extracellular contents. Assists in the regulation of movement of materials in and out of the cell. 9Flagellum Allows the mobility of a cell. Capable of moving materials past a non mobile cell.10Cytoplasm A gel substance that surrounds and suspends cellular material. 11Rough Endoplasmic ReticulumA complex interconnected system of sacks covered in ribosomes giving it a rough appearance. Produces proteins and transports materials throughout the cell.12RibosomeSmall organelle composed of 40% proteins and 60% RNA that tie messenger RNA and synthesizes protein13LysosomeActs as the cells stomach. Digesting and breaking down material outside the cell into new building cellular material. 14Microtubules Straight tubes whose functions range from structural support to transport.15Free RibosomeRibosomes which are not bound to membranes which produce proteins for the cell to utilize16Smooth Endoplasmic ReticulumComplex system of interconnected tubes within the cytoplasm. Responsible for transporting material throughout the cell, to include lipids and proteins. 17Mitochondrion Oblong structure within the cytoplasm that operates as the power plant, turning oxygen and nutrients into usable energy.18Vesicle A spherical structure that digests and stores cellular products19VesicleA spherical structure that digests and stores cellular products20Golgi ApparatusPrepares and packages proteins and fats to be shipped out of the cell. (Audesirk, Audesirk, & Byers, 2009)Plant CellNUMBERCELL STRUCTUREDESCRIPTION & FUNCTION1MicrotubulesStraight tubes whose functions range from structural support to transport.2MitochondrionOblong structure within the cytoplasm that operates as the power plant, turning oxygen and nutrients into usable energy.3ChloroplastOrganelle that allows photosynthesis to turn light energy into chemical energy usable by the cell.4Golgi ApparatusPrepares and packages proteins and fats to be shipped out of the cell. 5Smooth Endoplasmic ReticulumComplex system of interconnected tubes within the cytoplasm. Responsible for transporting material throughout the cell, to include lipids and proteins. 6VesicleA spherical structure that digests and stores cellular products7Rough Endoplasmic ReticulumA complex interconnected system of sacks covered in ribosomes giving it a rough appearance. Produces proteins and transports materials throughout the cell.8Central VacuoleA large organelle which contains food and usable chemicals as well as waste to prevent contamination throughout the cell.9PlasmodesmaMicroscopic tubes that connect and allow transfer between neighboring cells. 10Cell WallOuter layer that protects the cell as well as regulates the life cycle of the organism11NucleolusLocated within the Nucleus and is responsible for the production of RNA.12Nuclear PoreMicroscopic hole within the nuclear membrane which allows the movement of proteins and nucleic acids in and out of the nucleus13ChromatinComposed of proteins and DNA which form chromosomes during the cell division process14Nuclear EnvelopeA 2 layer membrane that allows the flow of of material in and out of the nucleus15NucleusA specialized organelle that functions as the brain. The nucleus is responsible for all cellular activity as well as the housing for genetic material (DNA).16RibosomesSmall organelle composed of 40% proteins and 60% RNA that tie messenger RNA and synthesizes protein17Free RibosomeRibosomes which are not bound to membranes which produce proteins for the cell to utilize18Intermediate FilamentsCell shape that fixes the position of certain organelles from a fairly permanent network and help maintain the cell shape and structure.19Plasma MembraneEncomapsses all cellular contents and provides protection from extracellular contents. Assists in the regulation of movement of materials in and out of the cell. (Audesirk, Audesirk, & Byers, 2009) Questions to answerList 3 organelles that are found in plant cells that are not found in animal cells._Cell Wall__________Chromoplasts_______Plasmodesma______ B. Because plant cells have chloroplasts and can do photosynthesis, why do they also need mitochondria?-Plants are able to generate their own food through photosynthesis, however without the use of mitochondria the cells would not be able to produce ATP. The cells produce oxygen as a byproduct of photosynthesis. This oxygen is then utilized by the mitochondria in the production of ATP. Without having both chloroplasts and mitochondria the plant would not be able to produce their own food as well as ATP. These two processes work together and allow plant cells to survive.  ReferenceAudesirk, T., Audesirk, G., & Byers, B. E. (2009). Life on earth. (5th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson Benjamin Cummings.