Most event in old novels or stories. For example,

Most
of the novels and short stories have overtones that they had written’s times.

Especially,
you can face with the issues about the most hated woman in that era or the most

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important
event in old novels or stories. For example, in Victorian Era the population
grows

from
2 million to 6.5 million.  Alice’s
Adventures in Wonderland written by English

mathematician
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, he prefers to call himself  Lewis Carroll, in 1865.

Victorian
Era’s important features are; the public loves Queen Victoria, she is powerful
and

strong
woman thanks to his husband King Albert, she is a mother of nine children,
marriage

is
holy and Queen Victoria suggests have children and marriage to everybody. Carroll

has physical
deformities and he is partial deaf and stammer. That is why, other adults do
not

like
him, but the children love him, and he loves the children too much!

 

     Lewis Carroll is a good photographer and
he likes to work in the church. One day, he

meets
with Henry George Liddell’s three daughters; Lorina, Alice, and Edith Liddell.

Softhearted
Carroll loves them and started to take their photos. Alice is her favorite
after

days.
 The differences between Alice and the
others are; Alice is the smartest, wise and

precocious
girl, she asks challenging and logical questions. In the story you can see that
Alice

is
fearless, clear thinker. When the animals has an argument in Chapter three: A Caucus-Race

Alice
gives ideas them and they listen to Alice. In other words, the story character
Alice was

wise
as well as real Alice. In Victorian Era, women has to bear heavy
responsibilities, they

must
marry and to live under control of men is accepted by the public. That is why,
Alice

must
fight with the Queen of Hearts. It symbolizes Victorian Era’s women’s anger to
Queen

                                                                                                                                                                     Zorlar 2

Victoria.

     In
Victorian Era, giving a birth and creating a family are kind of obligations. Queen
Victoria

says:
”An ugly baby is a very nasty
object.” Caroll
writes: ”What
became of the baby?” Cat

asks Alice, and she says; ”It turned
into a pig”(pg. 62)
Carroll refers to Queen’s sentence in

that
part. Every child is unique. You can not say that; this baby is ugly and this
one is

beautiful.
And also, Carroll has a different physical appearance than others, he writes

something
like that because of these reasons.

 

     Queen of Hearts is a powerful and strong
character in the story. Queen Victoria is also

powerful
and strong, but her power comes from her husband King Albert. Any way at all,

both
are them want to get respect from the public, they are rule makers and when the

 people break the rules they want to punish or
judge them. In her era, Victoria judges people

in
an absurd way and Queen of Hearts warns her people with death threats. Carroll
refers;

using
disproportionate force and stupid judgments. In Victorian Era, critics find;
the book is

  ridiculous,
because they do not catch the point.

 

     To sum up, for understanding a novel or a
short story, firstly you should get the

informations
about the novel’s or the story’s publishing date-era, it is the vital step. When

you
read the Alice in Wonderland’s pig-baby part without knowing Queen Victoria’
thoughts

about
the ugly babies, you can not understand the underlying meaning. Authors are under

the
influence of the time they live. Lewis Carroll is creative and colorful author.
He says:   

                                                                                                                                                        
      Zorlar 3

“You would have to be half mad to
dream me up.”  Be happy every single day, and do
not

care
other people’s ideas about you like Carroll.