Jonathan Safran Foer is an American novelist born to a Jewish family. His father, Albert Foer, was a lawyer and his mother, Esther Safran Foer was a Polish-born businesswoman. Both of Foer’s brothers greatly publish works of writing, with his younger brother, Franklin Foer being the former editor of the magazine The New Republic, and his older brother of Joshua, being a journalist. Because both of his brothers are involved in writing in some form, that greatly influenced his decision to become a writer. He now teaches at New York University, and lives in Brooklyn. Foer studied philosophy at Princeton University. During that time, Foer took an introductory writing course taught by novelist Joyce Carol Oates. Oates told Foer’s that he had the energy need to become a great writer. Oates had such a drastic effect on Foer that he said that she was the first person to ever make him interested in a career as a writer. In Foer’s senior thesis he was paired with Oates to write about the life of his grandfather, a Holocaust survivor. This greatly ties with Oskar’s grandfather’s storyline, where he fought in World War II.Foer has stated that most of the book was written in public areas like the New York Public Library, coffee shops and in the company of friends. “There’s something about being out in public and open to the accidents of the world that can be very useful in writing,” “I like keeping the environments fresh; it somehow keeps the imagination fresh.” Foer’s use of being at these places while writing makes the setting more realistic as throughout the book, Foer is able to capture the News York dialect, being in the library he would be able to hear the daily conversations and input them into the novel. The greatest inspiration for Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close was the 9/11 terrorist attacks, where planes were crashed into the world trade center. Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close was a direct response to the attack and focuses on the aftermath of that day and those who lost their lives.