Have you ever thought about how animals have adapted to their area to survive? An adaptation is a process of getting used too and adjusting to something. Adapting can occur over millions of years which is known as the “natural selection”. Adaptation does not only affect the behavior of something it can also change the shape and the role it plays. These adaptations can also be passed on to offspring. Every species can have different types of adaptations.
Fishes have adapted to the underwater and they have done that by making gills. Gills remain in the mouth of a fish that allows them to breathe underwater. Water passes through the mouth which then goes above the gills. Water contains oxygen and that oxygen passes through small walls in the gills and ends up in the blood supply, then the oxygen goes to the rest of the body which means they don’t need to go out the water to breath. Gills are not only found in fishes they can also be found in other organisms.
Fishes have also adapted to the underwater by the color patterns on the fishes, because of this they can blend in with other things in their area which means they can avoid predators. For example, fishes like Haddocks that stay at the top of the water are a darker color on top but a lighter color on the bottom which makes it tougher for predators to see them this is known as “counter shadowing”. Some fish also use Camouflage this not only protects them from predators they can also hide until they see their prey and catch something to eat. Fishes can also have dots on their body which makes it look like they have multiple eyes which confuse predators, predators might attack the tail instead of the head which leaves a better chance for the fish to survive.
Birds have adapted to their environment as well, they do something called “bird migration” this is a seasonal procedure that occurs mostly in the northern hemisphere. When birds fly together in V-shapes the bird in the front is the leader and all the birds take turns being the leader, so it requires less energy for each bird. After the leader’s turn is over it goes to the back of the line until its turn comes again. Flying birds have hollow bones hollow which makes them lightweight and allows them to fly for a longer distance. Birds that can fly have big chest muscles which let them use their wings for a longer period without needing the break. Birds have also devolved smart brains and good eyesight with good eyesight they can see farther and avoid predators before they get close to them, flying birds mostly fear humans because of their guns. A new study called ibises says birds align themselves in a v formation and flap their wings in sync which requires less energy.
Land animals like Roosters have also adapted to their environment for example roosters will crow (make a loud noise) to warn other male roosters about their area. Hens will cluck when they are laying an egg a which also gives a signal to her chicks to meet up with her. Snow leopards also have a couple of adaptions such as they have developed long fur and an undercoat to keep them warm and cozy in the mountains. They also have a furry tail which they wrap around their neck at night, so they stay warm. Succulent plants have enabled themselves to store water in their stems and leaves. Storing water allows succulent plants allows them to stay alive for a longer period.
Kangaroos live in a very hot environment in Australia. When Kangaroos get hot they do something unusual they lick their chests and inside their forearms until they are wet enough because of this technique their blood stays cool. Kangaroos save a lot of energy by hopping, kangaroos hop across land quickly to find water and food this technique requires less energy than running there. Black Howler monkeys have adapted to their environment. Black Howler monkeys have specially adapted molars which are made to eat and process leaves. Black Howler monkeys have strong tails which allow them to hang on branches and have a good grip on branches.
Overall many species have adapted to their environment to ensure survival and have developed over time.